What is Covid-19, and how to stay safe?

by Aneeza Sehrish
What is Covid-19, and how to stay safe?

Today, thousands of people have lost their lives, and thousands are suffering from a pandemic disease called Covid-19. Currently, everyone is horrified that might prove he /she would be the next victim of Covid-19.


So, let us read about the basics of Covid-19 that when, where, and how it emerged and what are the precautions to stay safe from this disease.

Introduction to COVID-19

The first case of Covid-19 with the original name novel Coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, the city of China, in December 2019. Covid-19 belongs to the virus family SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).

Most probably, a person suffering from Covid-19 feels difficulty in breathing, followed by cough, and fever. As its symptoms are likely to those of ordinary flu, therefore one cannot differentiate clearly among this virus and flu. The only way to confirm the virus is to undergo the test.

 In severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, kidney failure, or even death.

Covid-19 spread through direct interaction with the infected person (when he coughs or sneezes) or touching the surfaces which are contaminated with the virus. It can survive up to several hours depending upon the nature of the material, and common disinfectants are the only agents for killing them.

Preventive Measures to Stay Safe

Following are the preventive measures you can follow to stay safe from this disease:

·        Washing Hands

Doctors suggest you wash your hands frequently using soap and before washing scrub the soap roundabout 20 seconds. It can kill the virus (if any) on your hands.

·        Social Distancing

Try to maintain social distancing not only with strangers but also with your friends and family members if they have any flu symptoms. The distance should be about one meter or to say three feet. It reduces the possibility of inhaling virus with you if anyone coughs or sneezes.

·        Practicing Doctor’s Advice

Try not to touch your eyes, face, nose, and mouth. Doctors suggest that you should cover your nose and mouth with your elbow or tissue paper or handkerchief while sneezing or coughing.

·        Medical Assistance

Contact your physician as soon as you start having the flu, fever, or cough symptoms or feel shortness of breath. These preventive measures will protect you and your family from spreading or infecting with viruses.

·        Wear Mask

Wear a mask if any suspected person is infecting with the virus around you or taking care of an infected patient. Also, if you are having the symptoms, wear a mask for others' safety.


You can save not only your but also the lives of others by strictly following the precautions mentioned above up till the time when the cure of this virus is discovered. So, follow the guidelines to stay safe and healthy and to enjoy your life with your family.

by Aneeza Sehrish